Geneva - Geneva guide, attractions and pictures
is a multicultural and multilingual city of diverse cuisine, chocolate shops, five star hotels, and luxurious jewelry. Situated on the Lake Geneva, the capital boosts city parks, spectacular fountains, Alpine skiing, and boat sailing. Geneva is the governmental, cultural, and industrial center of Switzerland
. Moreover, the capital hosts an array of international governmental and non-governmental organizations such as the United Nations, the International Labor Organization, and the Red Cross.
Originally a Roman settlement, Geneva became a bishopric during the 5th century AD. The 16th century witnessed the Reformation efforts of John Calvin who became the spiritual leader of Geneva. In 1798, the French declared the city a capital of the Leman department. They were eventually ousted in 1814 and Geneva moved on to join the Swiss Confederation. Geneva excelled in watch manufacturing, banking, and merchandising. After the establishment of the Red Cross in 1864, many international organizations arrived and claimed a place for their headquarters in Geneva. The League of Nations entered the world scene from the Swiss capitol. The United Nations arrived in the city after the Second World War. By the end of the last century, Geneva turned into one of the most expensive places worldwide. The city is heavily dependent on international commerce and migrant workers for its sustainable growth.
The city boosts many cultural events and festivals. Fete de la Musique is the largest musical festival, featuring diverse styles such as reggae and trip hop. Apart from grandiose events, Geneva holds many architectural, cultural, and historic landmarks. The Palais des Nations is the home of the United Nations since 1966. The laboratory of the European Organization for Nuclear Research is also hosted in the city of Geneva. Research aims to accelerate protons and positrons in order to produce new forms of matter. The laboratory may be visited if booked in advance.
Geneva features the tallest fountain in the world, the Jet d`Eau. Visible from multiple parts of the city, the fountain reaches the amazing altitude of 10 km. The Herloge fleurie, the famous clock of Geneva, is crafted with the use of 6500 flowers. Moreover, it boosts the largest second hand in the world. Situated on the Rhone River, the Tour d`Ille had once been a part of the medieval fortifications of the city. A definite must see landmark is the Place du Bourg-de-Four, the oldest square of Geneva. Finally, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Museum is a multimedia travel through the atrocities of mankind. Documentaries, sculptures, and photos offer a glimpse to the horrors of war and illustrate the goals of the International Red Cross.
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